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Your bearing and that of the forces was calm, firm of purpose and worthy of the Netherlands.

On 15 May, the Netherlands officially signed the surrender with Germany, although Dutch forces in the province of Zeeland, which had come under French control, continued fighting alongside French forces until 17 May, when the bombardment of the town of Middelburg forced them to surrender also.

The Dutch Empire, in particular the Dutch East Indies, supported the Allied side and were unaffected by the surrender.

Many ships of the Royal Dutch Navy in Dutch waters fled to the United Kingdom.

The Dutch high command was shocked by the Rotterdam Blitz.

the attackers meant to draw Allied forces away from the Ardennes and to lure British and French forces deeper into Belgium but also to pre-empt a possible British invasion in North Holland.

On , one day after the bombing of Rotterdam, the Dutch forces surrendered, the Dutch government and the royal family escaped and went into exile in London.

Following the defeat, the Netherlands was placed under German occupation, which endured in some areas until the German surrender in May 1945.

The interwar period also saw a significant increase in civil infrastructure projects and land reclamation, including the Zuiderzee Works, which led to the final draining of seawater from the Wieringermeerpolder, and the completion of the Afsluitdijk dike.

The conservative prime minister Colijn, who held power from 1933 until 1939, believed the Netherlands would never be able to withstand an attack by a major power, and military spending accordingly remained a low priority.


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